Graves is a wine-growing region within Bordeaux, France that is best known for producing the finest white wines of Bordeaux (and excellent reds as well). Graves is French for "gravel," and takes its name from the gravelly soil that is ideal for growing Sauvignon Blanc and Sé́millon grapes, the two main varietals in Graves wines. Young Graves whites are typically crisp and lively, and develop a complex, full-bodied richness with age. In 1987, the superior châ̂teaux in the northern region of Graves broke away to form the Pessac-Léognan AC, and have since gone on to create some of the most prestigious white wines in the world.