"New World" is a term often used to distinguish, compare, and contrast wines from the Old World (Europe, North Africa, the Near East, and the Mediterranean basin) and those from the New World (Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the United States, and other countries "discovered" as a result of European exploration). As a very general rule, New World grape-growing and winemaking methods are based on modern science, new techniques, and research, as opposed to Old World grape-growing and winemaking methods, which are based more on tradition and terroir. Most New World wines also differ in that they're named after the dominant varietal as opposed to the winemaking region.